Tag: Cadwallader

Transcription: Obituary for General George Cadwalader

Transcription: Obituary for General George Cadwalader

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Following is the transcription of the obituary for General George Cadwalader, published in the Bucks County Gazette on Thursday, February, 6, 1879.

 

Obituary; General George Cadwalader
Obituary for General George Cadwalader

General George Cadwalader died in Philadelphia, on Monday afternoon, in the seventy-third year of his age, from an attack resembling apoplexy, with which he was seized on Sunday night. He was a brother of Judge Cadwalader, who died on Sunday week, and was the last of the five sons of General Thomas Cadwalader. The deceased was born in Philadelphia, in 1806, engaged in mercantile business, and filled the position of President of the Mutual Insurance Company for a third of a century. He served gallantly in the Mexican War as well as in the Slaveholders’ Rebellion, and distinguished himself in both positions. His record is one of the best which he can safely leave behind as a grand inheritance to his family and friends.

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Cadwallon ap Cadfan, King of Gwynedd.

Cadwallon ap Cadfan, King of Gwynedd.

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My children’s 40th great grandfather, Cadwallon ap Cadfan (also Cadwalader, Cadwallon, Caedwalla, Caswallon, Caedwalla, or Catgublaun), King of Gwynedd (presently north Wales), was born about 600 in Gwynedd, and is just one of their many Welsh Quaker ancestors.

 

Cadwallon ap Cadfan's Kingdom of Gwynedd

He was the son of Cadfan (Cadvan) ap Iago, King of Gwynedd (570-625) and Afandreg “Ddu, the Black” ferch Cynan Garwyn (580- ). Cadwallon ap Cadfan was the namesake ancestor for the Cadwallader lineage which continued down through Evan (Dhu) Isaac Shelby, ninth great grandfather of Erin and Stu. and the original Cadwallader descendant who immigrated to Pennsylvania, USA to escape religious persecution.

In 614, Cadwallon ap Cadfan married Alcfrith of Mercia (600-   ), who was only about 14 years of age and the sister of King Penda. Their only child, a son, was St. Cadwaladr (Fendigard, The Blessed) ap Cadwallon, King of Gwynedd, who was born about 630 and died at 52 years of age in 682.

King Eadwine of Northumbria
King Eadwine of Northumbria

It is speculated that Eadwine (later to be King of Northumbria) may have attended with Cadwallon, where animosity grew between them, laying the foundation for hostilities in later years that turned to war. Meanwhile, a deadly rivalry had long existed between Gwynedd and Northumbria. Aethelfrith, the (Fierce, Destroyer), had soundly defeated the Britons in battle at Chester in 613 and after Eadwine left the royal Gwynedd court, he was able to succeed Aethelfrith to a united Northumbrian crown with the intervention of King Redwald of East Anglia in 616.

About 625, Cadwallon ap Cadfan succeeded his father as King of Gwynedd.

Cadwallon ap Cadfan's father's gravestone at Llangadwaladr Church, Anglesey.
Cadwallon ap Cadfan’s father’s gravestone at Llangadwaladr Church, Anglesey.

Afterward, Eadwine began to work toward expanding his kingdom, conquered the kingdom of Elmet (now Yorkshire). and then after Cadfan’s death, went after Gwynedd, Ynys Manaw (Isle of Man) and Ynys Mon (Anglesey). Having experienced several defeats at Ynys Mon, Cadwallon ap Cadfan was forced back to Ynys Lannog (Priestholm) in about 629, where he was further attacked for weeks before he escape to Ireland. After his escape to and brief stay in Ireland, Cadwallon formed an alliance with Penda, King of the Mercians in about 632 and they invaded Deira to defeat Eadwine’s army and killed Eadwine and his son Osfrid in the battle of Heathfield (Hatfield Chase) on October 12, 633.

Despite Cadwallon ap Cadfan being a christian and Penda being a notorious and merciless pagan. Cadwallon’s own viciousness was indeed worse than Penda’s. It is said he worked toward his ambition to eliminate the Anglians from Britain with no limits on his actions, not hesitating to subject women and children to torture and ultimately death. This is, however, believed to be an exaggeration of what actually occurred.

Eadwine had been converted to Christianity by Paulinus, who later retired to Kent. In his retirement, Paulinus was accompanied by the Queen, her daughter, son and grandson, Osric (Eadwine’s cousin) and Eaufrith (Aethelfrith’s son). They renounced their christianity with the hope of recovering the kingdom of Deira and Bernicia, and to win favour with the Mercians. Their efforts were short-lived though, as they were defeated and killed by Cadwallon within the next year.

Saint Oswald of Bernicia
Saint Oswald of Bernicia (Northumbria)

Having proved his prowess as an oppressor, Cadwallon ap Cadfan claimed that his forces were invincible. He was proved wrong, however, when Eaufrith’s young brother and Eadwine’s cousin, Oswald, promised to defeat him. Very soon within the same year, he rallied his army and proceeded to Heavenfield (Hevenfeith), which was situated on a hill north of the Roman wall near Hexham. Here he helped his army erect a cross and they knelt and prayed “to the living and true God, who knew how just their cause was, to save them from their fierce and haughty foe.” With a new-found resolve, they attacked and defeated Cadwallon’s force, driving Cadwallon ap Cadfan into the valley where he was killed in 634 at “the Deniseburn”. Speculation is that this was a creek that flowed to the Tyne.

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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

photo credits: Wikipedia.org

Sources:

  1. Early British Kingdoms; David Nash Ford.
  2. Dictionary of Welsh Biography; Sir John Edward Lloyd, D.Litt., F.B.A., F.S.A. (1861-1947), Bangor.
  3. Wikipedia;  Cadwallon ap Cadfan.
  4. Ancient and Medieval Wales and the Cadwal(l)ader and Quaker Traditions; Anna Baker.
  5. Llywelyn ap Iorwerth Ancestor Table, Rootsweb.com online (http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm).
  6. Dictionary of National Biography; George Smith, Vols. 1-21 (Oxford Press, 1885-1990).
  7. Ancestry of Cynan Tyndaethwy; Ancient Wales Studies.
  8. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

 


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Transcription: News article re John Lambert Cadwalader

Transcription: News article re John Lambert Cadwalader

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John Lambert Cadwalader, Collector of the Port of Philadelphia: Chester Times article, Race for Deputy Collector, Chester, Pennsylvania, About August, 1885, Col. 3

 

RACE FOR DEPUTY COLLECTOR
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The Efforts Being Made to Secure Samuel Lyon’s Position in this City

Transcription: News article re John Lambert Cadwalader as Collector of the Port of Philadelphia
News article re John Lambert Cadwalader as Collector of the Port of Philadelphia

President Cleveland last week appointed John Cadwalader as Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, in place of General Hartranft, who has ably filled that position for the past four years. In making his changes in that department Mr. Cadwalader will discover that the city of Chester is entitled to his consideration to the extent of one appointment, that of Deputy Collector of the Port. The present incumbent is Samuel Lyons, Esq., and the Democrats who desire to step into his shoes are numerous, although in the opinion of most of the members of that party with whom we have talked the actual contest has narrowed down to two persons.

Peter Mundy, the Market street grocer, was months ago spoken of as a candidate for that place as soon as any change was contemplated, and his claims have since been steadily advanced by zealous friends. This gentleman is highly esteemed by all citizens, both in and out of his own party. He has been a resident of the Middle ward for over 25 years, 20 years of which time he has voted the Democratic ticket, besides taking an active part in all organizations and movements of his party. Besides this he is a gentleman of sound business ability, and ranks high in the estimation of the public.

Mr. Mundy’s principal rival in the race is John B. Sanville, the South ward spar builder, whose petition is being extensively signed. Mr. Sanville’s friends claim that he is especially adapted to the position from his through knowledge of vessels and shipping interests.

Some of our citizens are inclined to doubt the appointment of anybody to this post. They say that the office was originally created as a favor to the Hon. William Ward, then member of Congress from this district, but now that the era of retrenchment has been inaugurated it may be considered unnecessary extravagance to support such an office here any longer. However, this may be, of course, only time and the action of Collector Cadwalader can tell.

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The image of the image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for Leonard Scott Keefer and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 


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