Category: Location

Unknown Soldiers: DNA technology makes it possible for their remains to be identified.

Unknown Soldiers: DNA technology makes it possible for their remains to be identified.

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Albert-Joseph-Philias-Emery-237x3001.jpg

Unknown soldiers can be identified!

More than 83,000 US service members lost since the start of WWII are still missing, according to a representative of the Department of Defence. Several lie in forgotten graves on the battlefield and below memorials offering no clue to their identities.

New techniques in DNA technology may mean we have seen the last burial of an unknown soldier. In offices and laboratories across the country and archaeological sites scattered across continents, groups of investigators and scientists comb the remains of the past for lost defenders.

In the US, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC), based in Honolulu, Hawaii, and also the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO), based in Arlington, Virginia keep case files on each missing sailor, soldier, Marine and airman.

Researchers at JPAC and DPMO establish possible sites of remains. A team of archaelogists visited North Korea in 2004 and located skeletal remains of thirty individuals tossed haphazardly into a mass grave close to Chosin Reservoir. They shipped the bones to JPAC in Honolulu, where the bones were used to find gender, age, ancestry, and distinguishing marks. The process can take anywhere from two weeks to one year, depending on the existing backlog. Frustratingly, the original sample may not be enough and in that case, they must restart from the beginning.

For the remains whose DNA is successfully processed, the researchers will try and match them with DNA samples taken from thousands of possible family members.

Two of my great uncles, Private Joseph Philias Albert Emery and Private Joseph Turmaine, were reported missing in action in WWI and I would be thrilled to have their remains recovered.


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Transcription: Obituary for Harvey S. Jaques (1834 – 1912).

Transcription: Obituary for Harvey S. Jaques (1834 – 1912).

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The following is my transcription of the obituary for Harvey S. Jaques (1834 – 1912).

 

Harvey S. Jaques

 

Harvey S. Jaques.
Harvey S. Jaques.
Harvey S. Jaques obituary and photo of his home.
Harvey S. Jaques obituary and photo of his home. (Click on image for full size view.)

Harvey S. Jaques was born Sept. 5, 1834, near Millville, Butler County, Ohio, here he spent his early childhood. He was the oldest of 12 children of Richard and Mary Jaques. Four brothers, John Louis, Daniel, and James and one sister Mrs. Ella Long survive him. His ancestors came from New Jersey.

At the age of 13 his family settled near Sharptown, Franklin County. Here he grew to man- hood and became one of the sturdy citizens of his community. He had the pleasure of sitting at the feet of Prof. Chase at Mt. Carmel and Brookville College. The inspirations and ideals of this man became a part of his life. He learned to believe in the curse of ignorance, in the efficacy of schools in the joy of serving others, in the beauty in home, in daily life and out of doors, in laughter, in love in faith, in all ideals and distant hopes that lure us on; that every hour of every day he received a just reward for all he was and all he did, in the present and its opportunities, in the future and its promises, and in the divine, joy of living.

For several years he taught school in Franklin County. Many of his students have become staunch citizens of the county. These will attest to the seriousness earnestness, uprightness, and his demand for orderly conduct. He chose for his life companion Martha Stout, the daughter of Ira and Eliza Stout. To them were born eight children. the two oldest John and Jenny died in infancy. His wife and the remaining children, Lyde, Bert, Rose, Edna, Lenore, Fred and ten grandchildren mourn his loss. In his home life he was a devoted, conscientious and ideal husband and father. His family’s welfare was his.

For forty-five years he conducted the store at Whitcomb. As a business man he was the symbol of honesty and fair dealings with all men. He lived the principle embodied in the Golden Rule. His life practically ended in the store for there the beginning of his final illness took place.

About forty years ago he united with the M E Church of Whitcomb. As a member of this church his services are well known.

As a citizen and neighbor he was respected and honored. A type of citizen that the community needs but cannot hope to retain. On May 17, 1912, after a short illness, his life ended at the age of 77 years, 8 months and 12 days. He could truly have said with Paul:- “I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the father; henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness which the Lord the righteous judge, shall give me at that day, and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.”

CARD OF THANKS.

We desire to thank our neighbors and friends for their many acts of kindness rendered and expressions of sympathy uttered in our recent bereavement

Mrs. H. S. Jaques and family.


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Transcription: David D. Shelby, “Men and Women in America”

Transcription: David D. Shelby, “Men and Women in America”

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Following is my transcription of the biography of David D. Shelby from “Men and Women in America.”

SHELBY, David D.:

United States circuit judge; born in Madison County, Ala., Oct. 24, 1847 ; son of Dr. David and Mary (Boulding) Shelby. He studied law in Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., was admitted to the bar in 1870, and practised at Huntsville, Ala., until appointed by President McKinley, March 2, 1899, judge of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Fifth Judicial Circuit, in which office he is still serving. Judge Shelby was formerly active in politics as a Republican leader, was a member of the Alabama Senate, 1882-18834, and was the Republican nominee for chief justice of Alabama in 1886. He married in Huntsville, Ala., in 1872, Annie Davis. Address: Huntsville, Ala.

Men and women of America.
1910.

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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

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All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 


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Transcription: Coon family reunion article; “The Newark Advocate” of August 21, 1937.

Transcription: Coon family reunion article; “The Newark Advocate” of August 21, 1937.

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Article regarding the Coon family reunion in “The Newark Advocate” of August 21, 1937.

 

Coon Reunion.

Coon; Reunion Article; The Newark Advocate; August 21, 1937
Coon; Reunion Article; The Newark Advocate; August 21, 1937

The 12th annual Coon reunion was held in ”Roadside park” Utica, Sunday, with 38 relatives and friends present. During the business meeting, in charge of the president, Fred Cullison, the following officers were elected for the coming year: President. Clive Davis, Utica; vice president. Cary Coon, Hanover; secretary-treasurer, Paulme Barcus, Mt. Vernon. . Following the picnic dinner, a short program was given. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. John Coon. Mrs. Sara Devoll, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Cullison. Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Roberts and daughters Betty, Marie and Lois. Mr. and Mrs. John Holland of Columbus, Mr. and Mrs. Logan Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Clive Davis and children, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Stradley and children, Garland Moreland. Cary Barcus. Mr. and Mrs. Mathew Clark. Mr. and Mrs Finley Holton. Mr. and Mrs. William Hunter and sons, Mr. and Mrs. Carl Francis and children, Vernon Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Marmie and children. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Marmie. Ralph Daugherty; Mr. and Mrs. Frank Devoll. and John Speers, Cambridge: Mr. and Mrs. Guy Smith. Raymond Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Ora Holton and children. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Marmie and children. Mr. and Mrs. Cary Coon: Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Day and son. Mt Vernon; Harold and Edna Hupp. Margaret Keyser. Cambridge: Mr. and Mrs. Ray Barcus and daughters. Mt. Vernon: Gale and Albert Earley. Utica. The meeting next year will be held in the same place.

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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

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Transcription: The Bec or Beke lineage.

Transcription: The Bec or Beke lineage.

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The following is my transcription of the Bec or Beke lineage including the Barons Beke of Eresby, as recorded in “A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire.”

 

Beke, Henry; A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire
Beke, Henry; A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire

[…]

BEC OR BEKE — BARONS BEKE OF ERESCY.

By Writ of Summons, dated 23 Jun, 1295.

LINEAGE

Walter Bec, Lord of Eresby, co. Lincoln, m. Agnes, dau. And heiress of Hugh, the son of Pinco, and had issue,

I.    Hugh, who d.s.p. In his return from the Holy Land.
II.    Henry, being a person of weak understanding, his two next brothers shared with him the inheritance.
III.    Walter, | participators, with their brother Henry, in their father’s lands.
IV.    John,  |     “            “    “    “        “    “    “    “        “
Nicholas, inherited the church patronage of his father.

The eldest surviving son,
Henry Beke, inherited Eresby and other manors. He m, Hawse or Alice de Multon, sister of Thomas de Multon, and was s. By his son,
Walter Beke, Lord of Eresby, who m. Eva, niece of Walter de Grey, archbishop of York, and had issue,

I.    John, his successor in the lordship of Eresby.
II.    Thomas, bishop of St. David’s, d. 14 April, 1293.
III.    Anthony, the celebrated bishop of Durham, and patriarch of Jerusalem. “This Anthony,” says Dugdale, “was signed with the cross in the 54th Henry III, in order to his going to the Holy Land with Prince Edward; and on the 3rd of Edward I, being then a clerk, was made constable of the Tower of London. Moreover, in anno 1283, being present at the translation of St. William, archbishop of York, and at the whole charge of that great solemnity (the king, queen, and many of the nobility being also there), he was then consecrated bishop of Durham, by William Wickwane, archbishop of York, in the church of St. Peter, within that city. After which, anno 1.94 (22nd Edward I), the king discerning his great losses in Gascoigne, he was sent to Rodolph, king of Almaine, to make a league with him; and the same year, upon the arrival of the cardinals to treat of peace between King Edward and the King of France, he readily answered their proposals in the French tongue. Furthermore, in anno 1296, King Edward entered Scotland with a powerful army; he brought thither to him no less than 500 horse and 1,000 foot, besides a multitude of Welsh and Irish. After which, the same year, being sent ambassador into that realm, he was solemnly met by the king and nobles; and after much dispute, brought them to such an accord that they totally submitted themselves to the pleasure of King Edward. Also, upon that rebellion, which again broke out there the next year following (at which time they used great cruelties to the English), he was again sent thither to inquire the truth, and, to advertise the king thereof. And in the 26th of Edward I was again sent into Scotland, with certain forces, at which time he assaulted the castle of Dulton, and took it. And lastly, in 33rd of Edward I, being with the Earl of Lincoln and some other bishops, sent to Rome, to present divers vessels of pure gold from King Edward to the Pope, his holiness taking especial notice of his courtly behaviour and magnanimity of spirit, advanced him to the title of ‘Patriarch of Jerusalem.’”
“Amongst other works of this great prelate,” continues Dugdale, “he founded the collegiate churches of Chester and Langcester, as also the collegiate chappel at Bishops-Auckland, all in the county palatine of Durham. Moreover, it is reported that no man in all the realm, except the king, did equal him for habit, behaviour, and military pomp, and that he was more versed in state affairs than in ecclesiastical duties; ever assisting the king most powerfully in his wars; having sometimes in Scotland 26 standard-bearers, and of his ordinary retinue 140 knights; so that he was thought to be rather a temporal prince than a priest or bishop; and lastly, that he d 3 March, 1310, and was buried above the high altar in his cathedral of Durham.” This prelate was the first bishop that presumed to lie in the church, on account of the interment of the holy St. Cuthbert, and so superstitious were they in those days that they dared not bring in the remains at the doors, but broke a hole in the wall, to convey them in at the end of the church, which breech is said to be still visible.
I.    Margaret, m. To Galfridus de Thorpe.
II. Another dau., a nun
The eldest son,

38

B E L

John Beke, s his father in the feudal lordship of Eresby, and was summoned to parliament as Baron Beke of Eresby, on 23 June, 20 September, and 2 November, 1295, and 26 August, 1296, having previously (4th of Edward, 1275 6) had license to make a castle of his manor-house at Eresby; his lordship m. ——, and had issue,

I.    Walter, who must have d.s.p. And vita patris, before the gift of Eresby to Robert Willoughby.
I.    Alice, m. To Sir William de Willoughby, Knt., and had issue,
Robert Willoughby, who inherited, at the decease of his grand uncle, Anthony Beke, bishop of Durham, the great possessions of that eminent prelate, and was summoned to parliament, temp. Edward II, as Lord Willoughby de Eresby. (See that dignity in Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage)
II.    Margaret, m. To Sir Richard de Harcourt, Knt., ancestor of the Harcourts, Earls of Harcourt.
III.    Mary, d. Unm.

Lord Beke gave Eresby to his grandson, Robert Willoughby, and d. 1303-4, when the Barony fell into abeyance between his two daus. And co-hers, the Ladies Willoughby and Harcourt, and so continues amongst their descendants.
Arms. — Gules, a cross moline, arg.

[…]

___________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

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All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.


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Gerard Ronald Joseph Turmaine (1934-2005)

Gerard Ronald Joseph Turmaine (1934-2005)

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These are treasured pictures of my Dad, Gerard Ronald Joseph Turmaine, who passed away about ten years ago at the age of 71.

He was the son of Henri Turmaine and Rose Amande Emery, born January 30, 1934 in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.

He married Patricia-Gail Marrion Melanson on March 8, 1958 in Germany and had four children, myself being the oldest, then Renee, Andrea and Danielle.

Here are several pictures of my father through the years.


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Transcription: London Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

Transcription: London Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

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The following is my transcription of two pages of the London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials register of 1538-1812. These two pages cover 1607-1609 specifically.

___________________

For assistance with translating the dates, see my post Learning to transcribe from ye olde English and Latin.

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The image links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 

London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812
London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812; 1607-1609.

London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812

Marriages

Lodowick Ap William and Marguerett Ballam    |   The Xiij day of December    |   1607
John Temple and Jane Cull    |   The jth day of February    |   1608
Francis Smith and Alice Waltmastowe    |   The vjth day of February    |   1608
John Mill and Elizabeth Salt    |   The xiiJth day of February    |   1608
??????? Frederick and Elizabeth Distrobeuf    |   The xijth day of Aprill    |   1608
John Burnwood and Ann Newman    |   The xxijth day of Aprill    |   1608
George Mannison and Agnes Smith     |   The xxijth day of May    |   1608
Royce Griffiths and Alice Williams     |   The xxvth day of May    |   1608
Thomas Courtney and Ellinor Brereton     |   The xxvjth day of May    |   1608
Robert Mall and Bridgett ?ewton     |   The xiiijth day of July    |   1608
Thomas Jackson and Joane Tiebeaut     |   The xxvth day of July    |   1608
Thomas Menzy and Ann Marthe    |   The xxvijth day of August    |   1608
Richard ????? and Mary Robins    |   The viijth day of October    |   1608
……
John Shakespeare and Sara Chatiells    |   The xixth day of October    |   1608
Robert Baylie and Ann Langley    |   The xiith day of December    |   1608
Richard Ri???out and Jane Tompson     |   The xxijth day of December    |   1608
Edward ????? and Ann ??????    |   The xth day of January    |   1609
William Browne and Alice ??????    |   The xiijth day of January    |   1609
Edward Burk and Ann Bowe     |   The xiiijth day of January    |   1609
Thomas Kindersley and Mary Griffin     |   The xxixth day of January    |   1609
George Bracewell and Elizabeth Mullo     |   The xxviijth day of February    |   1609
John Ratcliff and Ann Waford     |   The xxxth day of March    |   1609
Edmund Shawe and Elizabeth Wordsworth    |   The xxxth day of March    |   1609
William Wilding and Esther Reece     |   The xiijth day of December      |   1609
Jeoffery Jauques and Joane ??all     |   The xiijth day of February    |   1610
Thomas G???h???y and Katherin X??ar???on     |   The xxiiijth day of May    |   1610


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Transcription: German Pioneers of the Ship Mortonhouse

Transcription: German Pioneers of the Ship Mortonhouse

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Transcription of a passenger list of German pioneers of the ship Mortonhouse, including Ulrich Croll.

German pioneers of the ship Mortonhouse
German pioneers of the ship Mortonhouse

—————————-

Mortonhouse 1729

25

Sworn Before the Governour in Council, 19th August 1729. Cleared from Deal in Great Britain. James Coultas.

Rt Charles

“At the Courthouse of Philadelphia, August 19th, 1729, … A List was presented of the Names of Seventy five Palatines, who with their families, making in all about One hundred & Eighty persons, were imported here in the Ship Mortonhouse, James Coults, Mr., from Rotterdam, but last from Deal, as by Clearance thence dated 21st of June last.” From Minutes of the Provincial Council, printed in Colonial Records, Vol. III, p. 367.

[List 9 B] Palatines imported in the ship Mortonhouse, Jas Coultas, Mr, from Rotterdam, but last from Deal p. Clearance thence, dated 21st June 1729. Subscribed this Declaration 19th Augt. 1729.

Carl Ernst Musselbach                         Jakob Crebil
Georg Threhr [Dreher]                        Henrich Schlengeluf
Johan Philip Ranck                              Henrich Gunter
Hans Műller                                           Hans Uldric (H) Vry
Kunradt Wőrntz                                    Christ (O) Vry
Casper (X) Dorest                                 Jacob (O) Bowman
Dielman Kolb                                         Johan Nicolas Prietschler
Hans Michel Frőlich                             Johannes Műller
Michael Borst                                         Jacob (O) Obere
Johannes Hoock                                    David Montandon
Roedolp (X) Moor                                 Peter Weger
Hans Jacob (O) Roodlys                      Valentine (/) Ficus
Uldric (X) Root                                      Adam Orth
Nicolaas (O) Peffell                               Hanns Michel Heider
Heinrich Dubs                                       Johannes Reis
Mr. (X) Meli [?]                                     Johann Stephen Rumer
Henrich Blim                                         Gőrg Adam Wedel
Hans Ullrich Hűber                              Ulrich (/) Croll
Christ (B) Baown                                   Adolph Schombach
Christ (C) Kroll                                      Conrad (O) Kilner
Hendk. (H) Werner                               Johannes (/) Binkler
Gerhard Műller                                      Michel Weber
Andres Mys                                             Rudolff Walder

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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

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All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.


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Transcription: Pennsylvania Church and Town Records, 1708-1985 – Beaven to Eyre

Transcription: Pennsylvania Church and Town Records, 1708-1985 – Beaven to Eyre

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The following is my transcription of the Pennsylvania Church and Town Records dated between 1708 and 1985, for surnames Beavan to Eyre (in alphabetical order).

 

Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985 - Aubrey Bevan - small
Pennsylvania Church and Town Records

CHESTER FRIENDS CEMETERY

On the west side of Edgmont Avenue between Sixth and Seventh Streets, Chester, Pa.

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The image above links directly to the transcription of the document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

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All data on this site is available for free access and download.

 

PENNSYLVANIA CHURCH AND TOWN RECORDS

Beavan, Ann

Died February 18 1768 Aged

Grave No.

39

Beavan, Aubray

Died February 12 1761 Aged 56 years

“ “

40

Beavan, Jane

Died

“ “

52

Bond, Benjamin

Died June 27 1858 Aged 76 years

“ “

98

Bond, Margaret

Died February 28 185- Aged 72 years

“ “

99

Brobson, Rebecca

Born the 23rd of 10 month 1790

Died the 3rd of 5 month 1864

“ “

106

Brobson, William

12-18-1785; 12-30-1858

“ “

105

Burk, Emeline T.

Died

“ “

43

Byre, Abigail

Born Jun 6 1786 Died July 9 1858

“ “

115

Byre, Elizabeth

“ “

112

Byre, Jacob

Died August 20 1826

In the 83rd year of his age

“ “

111

Byre, Jacob

“ “

116

Cobourn, Tacey

11-6-1813; 11-14-1848

47

Chestnut, Lizzie L.

Daughter of John and Phoebe J. Chestnut

Born June 7 1861 Died January 10 1880

“ “

139

Chestnut, Mamie A. Lane

Daughter of John and Anna Chestnut

Died August 8 1860 Aged 15 months

“ “

137

Churchman, Sally B.

Wife of Jesse M. Eyre

Born September 20 1813 Died March 21 1846

“ “

51

Cowpland, Caleb Esq.

Who departed this life the 12th day of

the 10th month 1757 in the 67th year

of his age

“ “

16

Cowpland, Sarah

Wife of Caleb Cowpland Died

“ “

17

Davis, Carolina

Born September 21 1830 Died April 1 1852

“ “

128

Davis, Susanna

Born July 26 1837 Died March 20 1852

“ “

127

Dick, Thomas B. Esq.

Who departed this life April 21 A.D.1811

Aged 43 years 1 month

Draper, Richard H.

Born September 28 185- Died November 12

1851

“ “

135

Dyer, William

“ “

69

Engle, Joseph

Died October 8 1857 Aged 88 years

“ “

130

Engle, Susanna

Wife of Joseph Engle

Died July 15 1253 Aged 75 years

“ “

129

Eyre, Abigail

Died

“ “

63

Eyre, Arabella

Daughter of William & Susan Eyre

Died

“ “

48

Eyre, Elizabeth

Wife of Jonas P. Eyre

Born the 1st month 13 1813 Died

“ “

134

Eyre, Jane

Died

“ “

65

Eyre, Jonas P.

Born October 25 17- Died

“ “

132

Eyre, Joshua

Son of David W. and Mary P. Eyre

Died the 2nd Month 25 1856

Aged 9 months and 17 days

“ “

133

___________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.


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Historic Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne.

Historic Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne.

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One of the best things we did on a trip we took to Nova Scotia a few years ago was to see the Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne.

 

Historic Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne.
Historic Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne (Click on the image to see it in full size.) The top image at right is of our son and daughter listening to the fascinating tales associated with the burials. The lower image (although difficult to make out in the dusk) is of our family gathered with the tour guide at Fort Anne prior to the tour.

This was during our long awaited driving tour of Acadian heritage sites in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada.

The first stop we made in Nova Scotia was at a campground near Annapolis Royal and I spotted a ‘newspaper’ on the counter at check-in. It caught my eye because the top of the page showed a picture of a man with his name written underneath – ‘Alan Melanson’. This peaked my interest as Melanson is my mother’s maiden name and the Melansons are one of the pioneer families to settle in Acadia.

It seemed that Alan Melanson was the tour guide for the Graveyard Tour at Fort Anne, prompting Mark, the kids and I to check it out the next day. Once Alan arrived we got into a conversation about my Melanson family and how we are related to him.

In the image above, the tour guide holding the lantern at the gravestone is Alan Melanson, a distant cousin as we both descend from Charles ‘dit La Ramée’ Mellanson, one of the two sons of the founding couple of the Melanson family in Acadia.

The photos on this website were taken by a photographer snapping shots the evening we toured the old graveyard. He had asked permission to take pictures with the kids in them and we agreed in return for copies.

Later on, we found that Erin and Stu’s photos were on the Fort Anne Graveyard Tour’s website!

I took this image directly from the Fort Anne Graveyard Tour website, except that I captured the picture of the crowd in front of the fort building as it includes myself, my husband Mark and our two teenagers, Erin and Stuart. One of the images in the clip features Erin and Stuart under lamplight at the gravestone.

I would highly recommend this tour to anyone. Alan Melanson is an engaging and entertaining host, injecting humor and insight into his tour.

It’s not hard to imagine some of the colorful characters buried in this centuries old graveyard.


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Transcriptions: Researched ‘puzzle pieces’, a family story makes: William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

Transcriptions: Researched ‘puzzle pieces’, a family story makes: William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

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Following are my transcriptions of numerous newspaper clippings regarding William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia.

 

WILLIAM ARCHER SR. (grandfather)

 

William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia October 29, 1767
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

October 29, 1767 (Virginia Patriot, Richmond, Virginia, pg. 4)

STRAYED or STOLEN from Bermuda Hundred the last of January, a light bay horse about five years old, 4 feet nine or 10 inches high, a few white ??? on his forehead, and branded on the rear buttock WK in a piece. Whoever delivers the said horse to me living in Amelia County, shall have 20 shillings reward.

William Archer

 

Archer, William; March 21, 1806
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

March 21, 1806 (Enquirer, Richmond, Virginia, pg. 1)

FOR SALE,

A TRACT OF LAND, in the county of Amelia, containing 800 acres, within one mile of the Court House, about forty from Manchester, and the same from Petersburg. There is a most excellent ?and for a Tavern on this land. A credit of one, two and three years, will be given for the greater part of the purchase money. The subscriber also offers for sale, about twenty negroes, consisting of men, women and children. A credit of twelve months will be given; and could they be sold in families, I would allow a credit of two years.

WILLIAM ARCHER.

Powhatan, March 14

 

WILLIAM ARCHER (Grandson)

 

Archer, William; September 2, 1806
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

September 2, 1806 (Enquirer, Richmond, Virginia, pg. 1)

SCOTTVILLE JOCKEY CLUB.

The races will commence at this place, on Thursday the 18th of September, free for any horse, mare or gelding — weights as usual.

1st Day. — Three mile heats, for the amount of the subscription, after deducting contingent charges — say, about one hundred pounds.

2nd Day. — The proprietors purse, two mile heats — half the amount of the first day.

3rd Day. — An handy cap purse — two mile heats, for an elegant gig.

WILLIAM ARCHER, Sec’ry to the Club.

Powhatan, Court House, August 29. (ep9w.)

 

Archer, William; April 12
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

April 12, 1808 (Virginia Gazette and General Advertiser, Richmond, Virginia, Vol. XXL, Issue 1554, Pg. 1)

Cash Sales.

– o –

TO BE SOLD for ready money, at the front door of the Eagle Tavern, on Tuesday the 10th day of May next, by virtue of a deed of trust executed to the subscribers by David Ross, Esq. on the 28th day of November, in the year 1804, and recorded in the General Court, for the purposes therein mentioned.

One certain tract of Land in the county of Chesterfield, containing by estimation 645 acres, be the ssame more or less, commonly called Chester-Hill, together with the Lands appertaining thereto, as a moiety of a certain tract of Land adjoining, called Auburn Chase, in the whole 645 acres, being the same land conveyed by Ben. Mosby to the said David Ross by deed, bearing date the day of . The necessary conveyances will be made to the purchaser or purchasers on the paymen of the purchase money.

E. W. ROOTES, | Trus-

WILSON ALLEN, | tees.

Richmond, April 8th, 1808.

______________________________________

PURSUANT to an Act of Assembly authorizing the Sale of the Glebe Land of Southam Parish, Powhatan County.

The undersigned Commissioner will offer for sale for Cash, the aforesaid Glebe Tract, on the premises, on Saturday the 28th day of May next. — The money arising from the sale, will, agreeably to the said act, be put to Interest, which Interest is to be paid annually to the Rev. John H. Saunders, the present incumbent.

DABNEY M. WHARTON,

EDWARD JOHNSON,

WILLIAM BENTLEY,

,WILLIAM HICKMAN,

SAML. H. SAUNDERS,

WILLIAM ARCHER, and

WILLIAM POPE,

Comm’rs.

April 7th, 1808. 6 wks.

 

Archer, William; August 23, 1811, Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger, (Norfolk, VA), Page 3.pdf 2014-04-02 10-21-22
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

August 23, 1811 (Norfolk Gazette and Publick Ledger, Norfolk, Virginia, Pg. 3)

At a Chancery District Court held in Williamsburg; the 16th day of July, 1811.

William Arthurs, Plaintiff, against

Thomas Archer, Lucy Archer, William Archer, John Archer, Susan Archer, and Sally Archer, heirs of Abraham Archer, deceased, the said Susan and Sally Archer being infants by Thomas Archer their guardian, assigned to defend them,

Defendants.

The bill in this cause having by an order entered therein on the twenty-fifth day of April last, been taken for confessed, as to the defendants Thomas, Lucy, William and John Archer, and the said defendants having been served with a copy of the said order, and failing to appear and answer the said bill, and the cause coming on by consent to be heard as to the defendants Susan and Sarah Archer on the bill, their answer, and the exhibits, the court on consideration thereof, doth adjudge, order, and decree, that Corbin Griffin, Thomas Griffin, and Francis Page, or any two of them, after giving four weeks previous notice of the time and place of sale, in one of the Norfolk newspapers and at the door of the Court-House in the town of York, do make sale of the houses and lots in the bill mentioned, lying in the town of York, at public auction, for ready money, and out of the proceeds of the sale after discharging the expenses thereof, pay unto the plaintiff the sum of seventy-one pounds with interest thereon, to be computed after the rate of six per centum per annum, from the eleventh day of October, 1804, till paid, and his costs by him expended in the prosecution of this suit, and divide the surplus thereof, if any, into six equal parts, and pay unto each of the defendants one sixth part thereof, and report their proceedings to the court in order to a final decree.

A copy,

EDMUND CHRISTIAN, c. c.

______

In obedience to the foregoing decree, we shall, on Monday, the 16th day of September next, before the Swan Tavern in the Town of York, proceed to sell to the highest bidder, the property mentioned in the decree foregoing, and on the terms mentioned in said decree. This property is worthy the attention of a person wanting a family residence, the improvements on the lots are a two story frame Dwelling House, ?0 by 25 feet, a Kitchen and Dairy, with a garden enclosed and front year ; the situation is elevated and dry, lying on the banks of York river, pleasant and healthy in summer ; there are no buildings contiguous to this tenement which can either render its situation confined or the houses liable to fire ; on, this lot it is believed that a valuable spring of water may be opened near the building.

Signed Corbin Griffin,

Thomas Griffin,

Francis Page.

York Town, August 23, 1811. 4w

 

Archer, William; November 1, 1811, Virginia Patriot, (Richmond, VA), Page 1.pdf
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

November 1 and 29, 1811 (Virginia Patriot, Richmond, Virginia; Pg. 1 and Pg. 4)

VIRGINIA

At a Superior Court of Chancery, holden at the capitol, in the city of Richmond, the 2nd day of Sept. 1811.

Mathew Mosby, Martha F. Mosby, Thomas Jones, and Elizabeth his wife, late Elizabeth Mosby, which said Mathew, Martha F. and Elizabeth are children of the late Elizabeth Mosby, who was formerly Elizabeth Archer, – – – – – – Plt’s.

AGAINST

John Brander, administrator of Mary Archer, deceased; William Archer, and Blackman Mosby, – – – – – – Def’ts.

The defendant Blackman Mosby not having entered his appearance and given security according to the Act of Assembly and the rules of this court, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that he is not an inhabitant of this country : On motion of the plaintiffs by their counsel, It is ordered, That the said defendant do appear here on the first day of the next term and answer the bill of the plaintiffs ; and that a copy of this order be forthwith inserted in some newspaper published in the city of Richmond for two months successively, and posted at the front door of the capitol in the said city. A copy — Teste,

wgt W.d: W. HENING, c. c.

 

Archer, William; January 11, 1812, Enquirer, (Richmond, VA), Page 4.pdf 2014-04-02 10-23-49January 11, 1812 (Enquirer, Richmond, Virginia, Pg. 4)

By virtue of a Deed of Trust executed to me by Sherley Eggleston, of the county of Amelia, for the purpose of securing a debt therein r???ed to be due to William Archer of Powhatan, will be sold for cash, at Amelia courthouse, on Saturday, the 11th of January, two negroes, called Katy and Isbell, the property of the said Eggleston.

W. S. ARCHER.

Dec. 21. ???

 

Archer, William; May 4, 1814, Virginia Patriot, (Richmond, VA),.pdf
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

May 4, 1814 (Virginia Patriot, Richmond, Virginia)

Members elected to serve in the next Legislature of Virginia.

Warwick — William Garrow, John Jones

Powhatan — William Archer, William Crump

Cumberland — John Hatcher, German Baker

Prince Edward — Wm. Booker, Wm. Lindsey

Norfolk Borough — Miles King, Jr.

_________ County — C. B. Poindexter, M. Cooke

King & Queen — Humphrey Walker, W. R. Roane

Essex — Laurence Muse, Musco Garnett

Dinwiddie — John Pegram, John Watkins

Greensville — Thomas Spencer, J. M. Jeffries

Mecklenburg — John C. Goode, Arm. Burwell

Lunenburg — Robert Chappell, S. Niblett

Sussex — William Parham, Nathaniel Cargill

Culpeper — Zeph. Turner, John S. Barbour

Fauquier — Thomas Marshall, Thonton Buckner

Prince William — Red Foster, James E. North

Charles City — John Tyler, Benjamin Harrison

Pittsylvania — Rawleigh White, William Walton

Amherst — David S. Garland, Hill Garter

Campbell — Jesse Burton, Wm. J. Lewis

Henry — Robert Hairston, Robert Allen

Goochland — J. W. Bates, John Underwood

York — Robert G. Scott, Robert Pescud

 

Archer, William; October 29, 1814, Virginia Patriot, (Richmond, VA), Page 4.pdf
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

October 29, 1814 (Virginia Patriot, Richmond, Virginia, Pg. 4)

A petition was presented and read of William and Henry Heth, praying to be paid the sums of money at which two slaves (viz. one named Cyrus Archer, the property of the said Archer, and one named Dick, the property of the said Heath) were valued by the court of Chesterfield county, which sentenced them to death for the crime of burglary ; it appearing that the said slaves have broken jail, and escaped from custody, and have not sice been re-taken ; in consequence whereof the Auditor has refused to give the petitioners, respectively, warrants on the treasury :

Ordered, that the said petion be referred to the Committee of Claims ; that they do examine the matter thereof, and report the same with their opinion thereupon, to the House.

 

Archer, William; November 9, 1814, Virginia Patriot, (Richmond, VA), Page 4.pdf 2014-04-02 10-54-02
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

November 9, 1814 (Virginia Patriot, Richmond, Virginia, Pg. 4)

It appears also to your committee, from the petition and evidence of William Archer and Harry Heth, that two negro men, their slaves, were condemned to be hanged by the county court of Chesterfield on the charge of burglary ; that they were each valued at four hundred dollars ; that before the day of execution they broke jail & have never been heard of since ; and that they made application in due form to the Auditor for their values, which was refused by him, in consequence of their not being actually executed :

2. Resolved, therefore as the opinion of this committee, that the petition of William Archer and Harry Heth, praying compensation for the value of the aforesaid slaves, and interest thereon from the time of the sentence of the court for their execution, is reasonable.

 

Archer, William; March 6, 1816, Virginia Argus, (Richmond, VA), Volume I, Issue 99, Page 4.pdf Archer, William; March 6, 1816, Virginia Argus, (Richmond, VA), Volume I, Issue 99, Page 4.pdf
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

March 6, 1816 (Virginia Argus, Richmond, Virginia, Vol. I, Pg. 4)

NOTICE.

THE SUBSCRIBERS,

UNDER THE FIRM OF

A R C H E R S & A N D E R S O N ,

Will hereafter carry on the

COAL BUSINESS

(VERY EXTENSIVELY.)

Lately conducted by Wm. & Branch Archer, alone

Our OFFICE will be kept on D. Street, near the Bason.

WILLIAM ARCHER,

BRANCH T. ARCHER,

HENRY ANDERSON.

Feb. 3. — 6t.

 

Archer, William; April 24, 1816
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

April 24, 1816 (American Beacon, Norfolk, Virginia, Vol. II, Issue 65, Pg. 3)

STATE ELECTIONS

DELEGATES

Powhatan — William Archer, Collin Clarke.*

Fairfax — ______ Thompson.* ______ Peake.*

Essex — Henry Lattaine, Robert Garnett.*

* New Members.

 

Archer, William; J. P. Cocke; July 5, 1822, Enquirer, (Richmond, VA), Volume XIX, Issue 17, Page 4.pdf 2014-04-02 10-22-14
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

July 5, 1822 (Enquirer, Richmond, Virginia, Vol. XIX, Issue 17, Pg. 4)

In Amelia County Court, May 23, 1822.

WILLIAM A. BAIRD and Avarilla his wife, formerly Avarilla Stringer, one of the children and distributees of Daniel Stringer, dec., Complainants,

Against

James P. Cocke, sheriff of Amelia county, and as such adm’or of Daniel Stringer, elec. James Stringer, William Striner, Daniel Stringer, Armistead Stringer, John Stringer, Polly Stringer, Rebecca Stringer, William Smith and Betsy his wife, formerly Betsy Stringer, which said James, William, Daniel, Armistead, John, Polly, Rebecca and Betsy are children and distributees of Daniel Stringer, deceased, Defendants.

The defendants William Stringer, Daniel Stringer and Armistead Stringer, not having entered their appearance and given securitGy according to the act of Assembly, and rules of this court, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that they are not inhabitants of this commonwealth : On the motion of the complainants by William S. Archer, Esq. their counsel, It is ordered, That the said defendants do appear here on the fourth Thursday in August next, and order be forthwith inserted in someone of the newspapers printed in Richmond or Petersburg for two months successively, and that another copy be posted at the front door of the Courthouse on two successive court days.

Copy — Teste J. T. LEIGH, Clk.

June 4. 8 — w8wII

Archer, William; October 11, 1822, Enquirer, (Richmond, VA), Volume XIX, Issue 45, Page 3.pdf 2014-04-02 10-42-28
William Archer of Powhatan, Virginia

October 11, 1822 (Enquirer, Richmond, Virginia, Vol. XIX, Issue 45, Pg. 3)

Departed this life on Sunday the 7th of Oct. at his residence in Powhatan county, WILLIAM ARCHER, Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Cavalry, in the 42d year of his age.

He was the eldest son of Major Peter F. Archer, and grandson of Colonel Wm. Archer of Amelia county. William Archer had ??????? represented the county of Powhatan for the last 1? years and his popularity in that county was so well established that he never lost an election. A kind master, a fond husband, an affectionate parent, and a steadfast friend : he ?????? to a quick and strong sense of injustice a geneality of temper and a limitless courage that would have ???? honor to the ??????????? of chivalry.

The tears of the poor for their benefactor, and the solemn and sad recollections of his acquaintance on the loss of their friend, are the best ??????????? on his ????????. He is gone : and ?? he had any of the failings of humanity they were ?? ??????????? so allied to the good qualities of his nature that in him they seemed to s?? ??? and ????? his ??? ?????? as appropriate virtues.

????? ?? ?? ?????: The man who sketches this frail memorial of his worth, has known him long and well, and owes him much : ?? ??? the ????? principle ????? cease ?? ?????, ??? memory shall fail to recollect amidst the long ????? of his future life, the gentle ???????????? manners and devoted friendship of William Archer.

?? ?????????? in Essex county on Saturday the ???? of September Miss REBECCA TAYLOR BEVERLEY, second daughter of Mr. Robert Beverley of that place.

___________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 

 


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Transcription: Will and Testament, Ann Stone of Wyke Regis, Dorset

Transcription: Will and Testament, Ann Stone of Wyke Regis, Dorset

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The following is my transcription of the last Will and Testament of Ann Stone of Wyke Regis, Dorset.

 

Will of Ann Stone of Wyke Regis, Dorset
Ann Stone of Wyke Regis, Dorse

____________________

Ann

Stone

6.

This is the last Will and Testament of ? Ann Stone of Wyke Regis in the County of Dorset widow made and published this twelfth day of March in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty five First I will and ????? that all my just debts funeral and testamentary ??????? and the charges of proving this my Will be paid out of my residuary  personal estate hereinafter mentioned I give and bequeath unto and equally in between my daughters Jand Drew Harris wife of ????? Harris of Weymouth and Wycombe Regis in the said County Brewer and Mary Ann Golyear Ingram wife of Robert Ingram of the same place linen draper all that interment or policy of ?????????? under the hands of the three of the directors ???? ??????? called the ????? ????????? Company bearing ???? the ninth day of October one thousand eight hundred and thirty eight and numbered 8606 whereby the said Society have assured unto me my executors administrators or assigns the sum of one thousand pounds in the event of my death to add the said sum of one thousand pounds together in with all accumulations and benefit arising or to arise from the said policy unto the said Jane Drew Harris and Mary Ann Golyear Ingram their executors administrators and assignes in equal proportion as tenants in common and not as joint tenants to and for their sole and separate use and benefit free from the debts control or engagements of their husbands and their receipts for the same shall be sufficient discharges notwithstanding their ???ertures all the ???? and Residue of my personal estate and efforts whatsoever and wheresoever money and securities for money rents due at the time of my decease and furniture ??????? nevertheless to the payment of my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses and charges of proving this my Will I give and bequeath unto and equally between my son Charles John Stone of the Town and County of Poole Tailor and the said Jane Drew Harris and Mary Ann Golyear Ingram their executors administrators and assigns as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and I hereby nominate and appoint my said daughters Jane Drew Harris and Mary Ann Golyear Ingram joint Executrixes this my will hereby revoking all former and other Wills by me made and do declare this to be my last Will and Testament In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand the day and year first before written — Ann Stone — Signed by the Testatrix Ann Stone as and for her Will in the pressence of us present at the same time who in her presence and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our names as witnesses thereto — George Arden ??? Weymouth — Francis March his Clerk.

Proved at London 8th July 1845 before the Judge by the oaths of Jane Drew Harris wife of Gary Harris and Mary Ann Golyear Ingram wife of Robert Ingram the daughter the executrixes to whome ????? was granted have been first sworn by Comon duly to administer.

___________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 


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Everyone of European descent can claim Charlemagne as an ancestor.

Everyone of European descent can claim Charlemagne as an ancestor.

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Sometimes I get asked if I’m related to the great physicist Ernest Rutherford. His discoveries about the atomic nucleus gave birth to physics in the 20th century.

Everyone of European descent can claim Charlemagne as an ancestor.
Everyone of European descent can claim Charlemagne as an ancestor.

He is the father of nuclear physics, with labs and atoms named after him.
I’m not related to him. I can reveal however that I am a direct descendent of someone of similar greatness: Charlemagne, Carolingian King of the Franks, Holy Roman Emperor, the great European conciliator. Quelle surprise!
But we are all special, which means none of us are. If you’re vaguely of European extraction, you are also the fruits of Charlemagne’s prodigious loins. A fecund ruler, he sired at least 18 children by motley wives and concubines, including Charles the Younger, Pippin the Hunchback, Drogo of Metz, Hruodrud, Ruodhaid, and not forgetting Hugh…

[read more]
Source: So you’re related to Charlemagne? You and every other living European…


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Getting the most from Library and Archives Canada databases.

Getting the most from Library and Archives Canada databases.

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The wealth of information on the Library and Archives Canada website has become more easily searchable over the years as more and more indexing has occurred.

 

Albert Joseph Philias Emery died March 1, 1916 at Vimy Ridge.
My great uncle, Pte Joseph Philias Albert Emery was MIA (believed killed) during advance preparations for the advance on Vimy Ridge.

As one who is very familiar with and has used this site for years, I have found it to be so extensive that I make sure to bookmark any pages I would like to examine further so I can find them again later.

At one time, it was almost impossible to find them again otherwise.

The site has since added  an “Ancestors Search” to enable searching several of the site’s databases in one step, in addition to more targeted searches of specific databases.

Some things to remember when searching large sites and databases are:

  • Remember to use wild cards and the soundex features in your searches as transcription errors are very common due to the quality of the archived documents, handwriting, etc.
  • Middle names or nicknames may have been used routinely, especially since children were frequently named after parents or other family members and this was the best way to differentiate between individuals.
  • Language barriers and miscommunication sometimes resulted in surnames and given names being anglicized or simplified.
  • Those recording data and/or completing documentation frequently resorted to phonetic spelling because they were much less educated.
  • After widowhood, separation, divorce and sometimes even during marriage, a woman could sometimes be listed by her maiden name.
  • It was not uncommon for individuals to not know their own birth date, immigration date, etc. leaving gaps in data or in the worst cases, providing erroneous information.

This link is one of numerous included in my “Favorite Research Links” in the lower sidebar – along with several others from the Library and Archives Canada site that I have also listed below for your information.

Library and Archives Canada

  • Ancestors Search
  • Books of Remembrance
  • Databases
  • Canada’s Digital Collections
  • Genealogy Index
  • War and Military

If you have Canadian ancestors, it’s well worth your while to check out this site.


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Indecipherable inscriptions on centuries old tombstones revealed using 3D technology.

Indecipherable inscriptions on centuries old tombstones revealed using 3D technology.

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Stuart, Erin and Alan Melanson in graveyard.
Erin and Stuart sit through an enthralling tale told by fellow ‘Melanson’ cousin, Alan Melanson.

This new technology is so very exciting to me. I’ve found that the information that proves to be most valuable from tombstones is that found on those from before 1850.

After 1850, most of the information is available in accessible records. Although there are records prior to 1850, the information on them is minimal at best. The earlier US censuses are the best example because the censuses prior only provide the full name of the head of the family and age ranges of spouses, children and others. This leaves a wide margin for error that is much narrower in later censuses that reveal names, ages, birth years, immigration data, occupations and relationships to the head of the household.

In a previous post, I described the fun my family and I had ‘tombstone hunting’ in Nova Scotia. We made a point of stopping at as many graveyards as possible and taking photos and transcriptions of the tombstones that had related surnames. The most memorable graveyard we visited was that of the well known “Graveyard Tour” at Fort Anne in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. Our tour guide was a fellow Melanson family member and his knack of weaving entertaining and enthralling stories was evident as he led us through the maze of tombstones, recounting the most scandalous and mysterious tales. Several of these tombstones from the 1600s and 1700s were unreadable and this new 3D technology seems to be the answer to discovering and recording many of the actual transcriptions.

Grant Aylesworth, a Mount Allison anthropology professor, and the Government of New Brunswick’s archaeological services division are now reading the inscriptions on those illegible grave markers from the 1700s, using this new 3D software technology. The software derives the inscriptions from digital images of these tombstones. The innovative technology is freely available and is easy to learn and implement, although attempts are being made to streamline the process to encourage others to explore these old tombstones and recover as many inscriptions as possible.


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Canadian WWI and WWII soldiers identified.

Canadian WWI and WWII soldiers identified.

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May 13, 2015 is the date eight Canadian WWI soldier will be laid to rest at Caix British Cemetery in Caix, France.

 

Lieutenant Clifford Neelands, Lance Sargeant Oscar Lindell, Private Sidney Halliday, Private William Simms, and Private Lachlan McKinnon of the 78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers) of the Canadian Expeditionary Force are five of eight members whose remains were discovered in 2006-2007.

The remains were found in the backyard of a private home in Hallu, a small village in the Somme region of France in 2006-2007.

The five known members were identified in 2014.

All died August 11, 1918 while advancing toward Hallu, France.

Family members and government and military representatives will be in attendance.

A Canadian WWII soldier, Pte. Albert Laubenstein was laid to rest on May 6, 2015 about 70 km from where he died in the Canadian War Cemetery.

He was killed during hostilities in the  Netherlands toward the end of WWII.

Using dental records, historical knowledge and artifacts were key to his identification. His remains were found last year and his burial took place during a week of events to mark Canada’s part in the liberation of the Netherlands.

Laubenstein was buried with military honours on Wednesday at the Canadian War Cemetery, about 70 kilometres from where he fought and died.

 

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Sources:

Pugliese, David; “Eight Canadian First World War soldiers to be buried on May 13 in France;” Ottawa Citizen website; May 6, 2015.

Carlson, Mark; Associated Press; “Canadian soldier buried in the Netherlands 70 years after his death;” thestar.com; May 6, 2015.

Wikipedia.org.


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Some skeletons in the closet are worse than others.

Some skeletons in the closet are worse than others.

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During my years of genealogical research, I’ve discovered numerous ‘ skeletons in the closet ‘ and scandals that at a shorter distance in time would be hard to deal with.

Separated by decades and even centuries, however, a lot of these misdeeds become more titillating and not quite as scandalous.

I’ve found polygamy, traitorous acts, murders, affairs, embezzlement and theft in our family tree.

I've discovered numerous ' skeletons in the closet ' and scandals
Numerous ‘ skeletons in the closet ‘ and scandals.

The one thing I haven’t discovered up to now is cannibalism and I’ve been so glad this is the case.

My worst nightmare was to discover that we had some connection to the Donner party, whose story of cannibalism for survival I find particularly disturbing.

In the recent past, though, I learned that there may very well have been cannibalism over three centuries, or at least a familial connection to it.

A press release from the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation had claimed they, the Smithsonian Institution and Preservation Virginia can confirm that survival cannibalism has been scientifically proven to have existed in colonial America.

Although there have been written descriptions of cannibalism, this is the first scientific proof ever to have been found. Dr. Bill Kelso, Chief Archaeologist of the Jamestown Rediscovery Project at the time, approached the Smithsonian Institution to research the possibility.

Chop marks on the forehead and back of the skull, evidence of knife cuts to the cheek and jaw, all indicate the act of flesh removal.

Jamestown girl was a victim of cannibalism.
Jamestown girl was a victim of cannibalism.

These, along with evidence pointing to the left side of the skull having been pried apart are indicators of cannibalism.

These findings and the location in which the remains were found are particularly disturbing to me because my husband and kids are distantly descended to John Rolfe from ‘Pocahontas’ fame – an original settler of Jamestown.

Specifically, the skull of a fourteen year old girl was one of those previously discovered in Jamestown during the original archaeological investigations.

According to an article in the New York Times, “Her bones were unearthed last August as part of the Jamestown Rediscovery archaeological project begun in 1994.”

Her skull bears the marks and abrasions that indicate she was a victim of survival cannibalism.


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Transcription: Biographies of John Sloan Smeltzer, Jules Hugg, James Keating (in part) and including Jacob and Mary Shellhammer.

Transcription: Biographies of John Sloan Smeltzer, Jules Hugg, James Keating (in part) and including Jacob and Mary Shellhammer.

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The following is my transcription from the original image of page 563 of “The History of Westmoreland County”, in my case concerning the Shellhammers, but mentioning the Smeltzer, Chambers, Meeker, Fox, Sloan, Stidard, Lawrence, Wicht, Theibert, Beck, Hugg, and Keating surnames.

 

John Smeltzer biography
John Smeltzer biography

HISTORY OF WESTMORELAND COUNTY

563

JOHN SLOAN SMELTZER.   The father of John Sloan Smeltzer, of Vandergrift Heights, was Christopher C. Smeltzer, born July 25, 1841, in Armstrong county, where he was reared to a farm lite. He has always followed agricultural pursuits. in connection with which he engaged for many years in threshing. He is a Democrat and a member of the Lutheran church. Mr. Smeltzer married Sarah Chrissman. and six of their ten children are now living: Ada. wife of Claude Chambers, of Grove county. Kansas; Robert Charles, heater in Vandergrift mills; Anna, wife of William Meeker, of Russel county, Kansas ; Jennie,  wife of David Fox, of Pawnee county. Kansas: Carrie, wife of Gibson Sloan, of the same county : and John Sloan. mentioned hereinafter. Mr. Smeltzer, the father, now resides near Ellerton, Armstrong county.

John Sloan Smeltzer, son of Christopher C. and Sarah {Chrissman) Smeltzer, was born February 10, 1878, in Adams county, Ohio, and received a limited common school education. 1n 1893 he entered the mills of the Apollo lron & Steel Company, serving first in the capacity of matcher. Three months later he was promoted to the position of doubler, in which he served eleven months and was then made catcher. Five months later he became rougher and in this capacity served seven years. In July, 1902, he was advanced to his present position of roller. Politically he is a Democrat. Mr. Smeltzer married, February 1, 1898, Daisy E., daughter of Jacob B. and Mary (Beck) Shellhammer of Armstrong county, and their children are: Viola M., Rita E., Ora A. T., Iva E., and Williard S.

JULES HUGG.   The parents of Jules Hugg, of Arnold. were John Battis and Victoria Hugg, his birth occurring February 3, 1843, near Lyons, France, and his education being received in the schools of his native country and England. He learned the glass-blowers trade, which he followed until 1870. In that year he emigrated with his wife and three children to the United States, settling in Norristown, Pennsylvania, where for a short time he worked as a glassblower. After a residence of seven months in McKeesport, he moved to New Albany, Indiana, remaining, however. hut a short time and going thence to Rock Island. Illinois. where he spent one year. At the end ot that time he returned to Pennsylvania and took up his abode in Belle Vernon, where he remained three years, after which he spent four years in Europe. On his return he settled at Albany, Indiana, and after remaining five years spent four years in Pittsburg. For three years thereafter he lived at Jeannette, and in 1892 moved to Arnold, the borough being but one year old. He there purchased property on which he has lived ever since, and for ten years worked in the mills as a glass-blower. During the last two years he has lived in retirement.

Mr. Hugg married, January 22, 1865, Marie, born June 29, 1846, in England, daughter of Caspar and Melina (Wicht) Theibert, and their children are: Ernest. born December 9, 1865, now of Jeannette : Minnie. born December 1, 1867, wife of Isaac Stidard, of Pittsburg : Clarice, born  June 21, 1870, wife of Clarence Lawrence, of Arnold : Lewis, born August 20, 1877, glassblower : Charles, born April 28, 1880, glassblower at Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania; and Harry, born August 12, 1883, also of Reynoldsville.

JAMES KEATING. It was in Ireland that James Keating. of Arnold. was born December 20. 1850. and it was thence he emigrated in 1863, with an aunt. settling for a short time in Elmira, New York. He then went to Pennsylvania. where for a time he worked about the mines in Canton and Fall…
 
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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 


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Transcription: A List of Children at the State House in Philadelphia; June 19, 1761

Transcription: A List of Children at the State House in Philadelphia; June 19, 1761

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A List of Children at the State House in Philadelphia; June 19, 1761

 

By AUTHORITY.

A LIST of CHILDREN now at the State-Houfe, in Philadelphia, who in the Courfe of the War, were taken Captives from feveral Parts of this Province by the Indians, and have been lately releafed by His Excellency General  A M H E R S T, and fent to this Government, in order to their being delivered up to their Parents, or other Relations, who are hereby d?????? forthwith to come and receive them.

Advertisement re children taken hostage by Indians
Advertisement re children taken hostage by Indians.

NICHOLAS SILVIAS, of Plow-Park.

JOHN MAN, of Marsh-Creek.

FREDERICK PAYER, of Low-Bergen.

ISAAC TOOPLE, taken near Prefque Ifle.

ANNE COON, and MARY WILLIAMS, taken on the Delaware.

Philadelphia, June 19, 1761.

from the Pennsylvania Gazette.

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The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

 


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Learning to transcribe from ‘ye olde englishe’ and latin.

Learning to transcribe from ‘ye olde englishe’ and latin.

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Transcribing the baptism register from Norfolk, England in my previous post, “Transcription and Translation: Baptism of Elizabeth Stalham and others from the St. George Tombland Church register” was particularly problematic for me, requiring my learning to transcribe from ‘ye olde englishe’ and latin.

 

I am familiar with transcribing in several languages such as German, Swedish, French, etc., even though I do need help from Google Translate.

For this translation, I was able to interpret the text fairly easily, including the months, and the years. At first, I thought there were no days mentioned at all, until I took a closer look and realized there was one small ‘word’ in each entry I couldn’t account for. One thing I did notice was the pattern of repetition within each entry and it’s resemblance to the pattern of repetition to Roman numerals – even if they did appear to be just miscellaneous symbols or text (see image below).

 

Baptism record for Elizabeth Stalham - marked.

 

To confirm my suspicions, I did some research into interpreting Latin dates. It took some time and effort as everything I found at first referred to the date formats used in general, including those used in recording events in genealogy software.

Just as I was about to give up and use my standard ‘????’ in place of the mysterious text since I was unsure of my conclusions, I came upon the following web page that provided the answer I was looking for. They were ‘Reading dates in old English records.’ The following is the verbatim section from the page that specifically provided the answers I was seeking.

The chart below shows some of the different ways numbers may be written.

1 unus, primo, primus, I i
2 duo, secundo, secundus II ij
3 tres, tertio, tertius III iij
4 quattuor, quarto, quartus IV iiij, iv
5 quinque, quinto, quintus V v
6 sex, sexto, sextus VI vi
7 septem, septimo, septimus VII vij
8 octo, octavo, octavus VIII viij
9 novem, nono, nonus IX viiij, ix
10 decem, decimo, decimus X x
11 undecim, undecimo, undecimus XI xi
12 duodecim, duodecimo, duodecimus XII xij
13 tredecim, tertio decimo, tertius decimus XIII xiij
14 quattuordecim, quarto decimo, quartus decimus XIV xiiij, xiv
15 quindecim, quinto decimo, quintus decimus XV xv
16 sedecim, sexto decimo, sextus decimus XVI xvi
17 septendecim, septimo decimo, septimus decimus XVII xvij
18 duodeviginti, octavo decimo, octavus decimus, duodevicesimo, duodevicesimus XVIII xviij
19 undeviginti, nono decimo, nonus decimus, undevicesimo, undevicesimus XIX xviiij, xix
20 viginti, vicesimo, vicesimus, viccesimo, vicessimo, viccessimo XX xx
21 viginti unus, vicesimo primo, vicesimus primus XXI xxi
22 viginti duo, vicesimo secundo, vicemus secundus XXII xxij
23 viginti tres, vicesimo tertio, vicesimus tertius XXIII xxiij
24 viginti quattuor, vicesimo quarto, vicesimus quartus XXIV xxiiij, xxiv
25 viginti quinque, vicesimo quinto, vicesimus quintus XXV xxv
26 viginti sex, vicesimo sexto, vicesimus sextus XXVI xxvi
27 viginti septem, vicesimo septimo, vicesimus septimus XXVII xxvij
28 duodetriginta, vicesimo octavo, vicesimus octavus, duodetricesimo, duodetricesimus XXVIII xxviij
29 undetriginta, vicesimo nono, vicesimus nonus, undetricesimo, undetricesimus XXVIV xxviiij, xxix
30 triginta, tricesimo, tricesimus XXX xxx
31 triginta unus, tricesimo primo, tricesimus primus XXXI xxxi

Numbers may also be written as scores. A score is twenty and is written as XX or xx. If XX is above another number, it would be multiplied by the number under it. Therefore, four score or eighty could be written as XX over IV or xx over iiij as shown below.

XX xx

IV iiij

Sources:

  1. About.com; “Reading and Understanding Old Documents & Records”; Kimberly Powell; http://genealogy.about.com/od/basics/a/old_handwriting.htm.
  2. Family Search; Reading dates in old English records; Document ID: 111804; https://help.familysearch.org/publishing/43/111804_f.SAL_Public.html.


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Researching Welsh Quakers in Pennsylvania.

Researching Welsh Quakers in Pennsylvania.

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Welsh Quaker ancestors are the cultural group from which the majority of the ancestors of my children originate (on my husband’s side).

 

One of the benefits of researching this culture is that the people were religious, often educated (could read and write) and were very good at documenting vital statistics and events. As a result, there are several very good written resources available that directly cite or are based upon this documented data.

The following are valuable, highly informational links to texts and websites focusing on Welsh Quaker pioneers in Pennsylvania.

 

Texts

William Penn
William Penn

Websites


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Genealogical Research of Vermont Ancestors is Getting Easier

Genealogical Research of Vermont Ancestors is Getting Easier

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Vermont Ancestors

Find Your Vermont Ancestors

A federal grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities has paid for a Vermont Digital Newspaper Project planned to take two years for scanning up to 100,00 pages from Vermont newspapers of the 1800’s and early 1900’s, providing highly sought information about Vermont ancestors of researchers. Vermont is only the first of 28 states expected to contribute to this project, which will be known as “Chronicling America”.

Spearheaded by University of Vermont librarians, the url for the coming online digital archives is to be announced once any images are made available online.

This has the potential of being an invaluable resource for those doing family genealogy research in Vermont. Newspaper articles are particularly valuable as they help to provide the historical details of events and circumstances that are missing from official records commonly used in genealogy research.


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The Knowles Collection: Jewish genealogy database reaches 1 million entry milestone.

The Knowles Collection: Jewish genealogy database reaches 1 million entry milestone.

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The Knowles Collection, the Jewish genealogy database linking generations of Jewish families, has recently reached over 1 million entries.

 

Since it’s inception, this free searchable database at familysearch.org has been growing steadily at an average rate of about 10,000 individuals each month, including Jewish individuals from over 80 nations.

Jewish alter in a synagogue.
Jewish alter in a synagogue.

Genealogy researchers are free to compare their Jewish ancestry with the six different searchable databases in the Knowles collection.

Some of those databases include names and information on Jewish individuals from:

  • British Isles (208,349)
  • Europe (380,637)
  • South Pacific (21,518)
  • South America and the Caribbean (21, 351)
  • North America (489,000).
  • Africa and the Orient (37,618)

These records provide both given names and surnames, dates, places, source citations, notes and links to ancestors.

The most effective and informative searches result from knowing the person’s name, date of birth, and places of residence.

Due to the mobility of the Jewish population in the past, it’s wise to cheque several of the databases to locate your ancestors.

Full instruction on how to effectively find and search these databases are available here.


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British Ancestry: a mixture of genetic DNA from other populations.

British Ancestry: a mixture of genetic DNA from other populations.

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Genetic signatures have been found among Britons that strongly illustrate their historical roots from various locations of the UK, resulting in a highly detailed and descriptive map of genetic variations. The analysis shows clusters of genetic variation within the late 1800s, when the population was less migratory, and reflects historical waves of migration by a variety of groups of people into the island.

 

According to Peter Donnelly, the Director of the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics in Oxford, England, “The patterns we see are extraordinary. “The genetic effects we’re looking at are the result of, probably, thousands of years of history.”

DNA Map of UK migration.
Each symbol represents an individual at the center of their grandparents’ birthplaces. The tree (top right) DNA map of UK migration shows how the clusters are related. Photo credit: University of Oxford

Today, few Britons have ancestors from only one region of the United Kingdom. Therefore, it’s difficult to find patterns of genetic variation originating from a specific place.

However, the team found Britons that lived in rural areas and knew that their grandparents were all born within less than eighty kilometers. Since the DNA of these people was a blend of their grandparents’ DNA, it was expected that their genetic variations would be from within the geographic regions of their grandparents.

Participants were lumped into groups based specifically on their genetic DNA, and the geography of these groups matched significantly. Those from across central and southern Britain were in the most important cluster. Several groupings within this main group were much more isolated.

Those whose ancestry can be traced back to the archipelago, off the northeast coast of Scotland, fell into three distinct classes. This isolation most likely was a result of the islands creating difficulties in movement among various populations.

As well as the influence of geographic barriers, the overall picture resulted from migrations into and around the UK.

Genomes of people from continental Europe were analysed to gain insight into the scope of their ancestors’ contributions to Britons’ genetic ancestry. The flow of Anglo-Saxons from contemporary Germany into the UK after the departure of the Romans in 410 AD was indicated. Rather than displacing the resident population, they interbred.

Surprisingly, the Vikings, who occupied the UK during the four centuries from 700 AD to 1100 AD, had very little influence on the genetic makeup of Britons.

Britons or those with British heritage may conceivably use their DNA to trace the homelands of their ancestors.

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Sources:

Wikipedia.org; http://www.wikipedia.org.

Callaway, Ewan; UK Mapped out by genetic ancestry; http://www.nature.com/news/uk-mapped-out-by-genetic-ancestry-1.17136


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